The Art of Geopolitics: Qatar's New Museum
Last week Qatar hosted a star-studden event to unveil a new National Museum, designed by star French architect Jean Nouvel.
Fashioned out of hundreds of randomly intersecting discs meant to look like a 52,000 square meter "desert rose," the museum tells the history of Qatar from prehistoric to modern times, devoting special attention to how the discovery of natural gas rapidly transformed a society of pearl-divers, falconers, fishermen, and nomads into the wealthiest country on earth.
But the museum is also, as Nouvel says, "a testimony of this time in Qatar, which is a very powerful period."
For the last two years, Qatar has been the target of a severe sanctions campaign, led by Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Egypt. Those countries take issue with Qatar's support for Islamist political movements like the Muslim Brotherhood, as well as its warm ties with their regional rival, Iran. The Qatari government has responded with a public relations blitz meant to boost its image in Western capitals.
Closer to home, the museum's opening is meant to send two signals to Doha's regional rivals.
First, that despite an ongoing blockade against Qatar, the kingdom is doing fine. After all, splurging half a billion dollars on a museum isn't exactly what you do if you're living hand to mouth.
Second, while Saudi Arabia is struggling mightily with its image in the West (murdering a dissident journalist hasn't helped), Qatar – for all its well-documented human rights abuses – is successfully casting itself as an arty and cosmopolitan place to do business.
It remains to be seen how much buzz the museum will generate outside of Doha once the initial fanfare is over. And whether ordinary Qataris will be drawn to its exhibits is an open question.
But at the very least we are happy to see Middle East rivalries play out in galleries rather than in trenches.