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How medical technology will transform human life - Siddhartha Mukherjee
How medical technology will transform human life | Siddhartha Mukherjee | Ian Bremmer | GZERO World

On GZERO World, Ian Bremmer and Siddhartha Mukherjee explore the many ways medical technology will transform our lives and help humans surpass physical and mental limitations. Mukherjee, a cancer physician and biologist, believes artificial intelligence will help create whole categories of new medicines. AI can spit out molecules with properties we didn’t even know existed, which has tantalizing implications for diseases currently thought to be incurable. Recently discovered treatments for things like spinal muscular dystrophy, which used to be almost certainly deadly but is now being treated with gene therapy, are just the beginning of what could be possible using tools like CRISPR gene editing or bionic prosthetics.

Mukherjee envisions a future where people who are paralyzed by disease or stroke can walk again, where people with speech impairments can talk to their loved ones, and where prosthetics become much more effective and integrated into our bodies. And beyond curing ailments, biotechnology can help improve the lives of healthy people, optimizing things like brain power and energy.

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Siddhartha Mukherjee: CRISPR, AI, and cloning could transform the human race
CRISPR, AI, and cloning could transform the human race | Siddhartha Mukherjee | GZERO World

Technologies like CRISPR gene editing, synthetic biology, bionics integrated with AI, and cloning will create "new humans," says Dr. Siddhartha Mukherjee.

On GZERO World, Ian Bremmer sits down with the cancer physician and biologist to discuss some of the recent groundbreaking developments in medical technology that are helping to improve the human condition. Mukherjee points to four tools that have sped up our understanding of how the human body works: gene editing with CRISPR, AI-powered prosthetics, cloning, and synthetic biology. Gene editing with CRISPR allows humans to make precise alterations in the genome and synthetic biology means you can create a genome similar to writing a computer code.

“That technology is groundbreaking, and it really shook our worlds because I hadn’t expected it,” Mukherjee says.

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Photo illustration showing the DALL-E logo on a smartphone with an Artificial intelligence chip and symbol in the background.

Budrul Chukrut/SOPA Images/Sipa USA via Reuters

$200,000: Want an image of a dog? DALL-E could spit out any breed. Want an Australian shepherd with a blue merle coat and heterochromia in front of a backdrop of lush, green hills? Now you’re starting to write like a prompt engineer, and that could be lucrative. Companies are paying up to $200,000 for full-time AI “prompt engineering” roles, placing a premium on this newfangled skill. It's all about descriptive fine-tuning of language to get desired results.

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Federal Chancellor Olaf Scholz on stage at the Digital Summit 2023 in November.

Martin Schutt/Reuters
Deutschland had a dream of boosting its semiconductor production and promised rich subsidies to chipmakers. But now, amid budget woes, that support is in doubt.
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Female doctor in hospital setting.

Doctors use AI to help make diagnoses, but machines can’t take the Hippocratic Oath. So how can Washington ensure AI does no harm? The US Department of Health and Human Services is on the case: It’s proposing “nutrition labels” to bring transparency for healthcare-related AI tools.
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President Joe Biden signs an executive order about artificial intelligence as Vice President Kamala Harris looks on at the White House on Oct. 30, 2023.

REUTERS/Leah Millis

US President Joe Biden on Monday signed an expansive executive order about artificial intelligence, ordering a bevy of government agencies to set new rules and standards for developers with regard to safety, privacy, and fraud. Under the Defense Production Act, the administration will require AI developers to share safety and testing data for the models they’re training — under the guise of protecting national and economic security. The government will also develop guidelines for watermarking AI-generated content and fresh standards to protect against “chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and cybersecurity risks.”

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Participants enter the Dubai Exhibition Centre during the COP28, UN Climate Change Conference.

Dominika Zarzycka/NurPhoto/Reuters

AI is on the lips of climate-policy negotiators gathered for the United Nation’s COP28 conference in Dubai, and for good reason — it presents a high-risk but potentially high-reward scenario.

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