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Trump's Confrontation

Trump's Confrontation

Kevin's big story of 2018: China's rude awakening

In a year marked by US-China confrontation over technology and trade, no story captured the stakes better than the Trump administration's move in April to kneecap one of China's leading tech companies, networking giant ZTE.


Hit with a seven-year ban on acquiring the US hardware and software needed to make its internet gear work, the Chinese giant nearly went bankrupt before Trump granted it a last-minute reprieve.

For China, the episode exposed a glaring vulnerability: despite President Xi Jinping's ambitions to turn his country into a high-tech superpower, China is still dependent on US exports and knowhow. Xi is now more determined than ever to break that dependence. President Trump and the China hawks around him learned an important lesson about their own leverage. That's crucial for how the world's most important fight plays out in 2019.

His big question for 2019: How resilient is American democracy?

In 2019, Trump's more immediate challenge will hit much closer to home, and the world will learn how much faith Americans still have in their political institutions. Since Trump took office, the president's critics have warned that his broadsides against the press, attacks on the Justice Department, and other norm-defying behavior risk undermining American democracy. So far, the traditional checks appear to be working. Congress and the courts have both imposed limits on the president's agenda at various points during his nearly two years in office.

Next year will bring sterner tests: House Democrats will have subpoena power and the final results of the Mueller investigation will almost certainly be announced. If Mueller clears Trump, will his opponents accept the findings? Would a damning report provoke impeachment or a constitutional crisis? How would lawmakers and the public respond to findings that aren't so clear-cut?

In short, if political or legal push comes to shove, will Americans and their elected officials put country before party?Trump

Meet Ian Martin, an English Professor from Glasgow who is now head of Communications for Eni's International Resources. Approaching his work in the same way he used to hold his lectures, Ian is dedicated to listening and making people around him comfortable. Having working in both Milan and London, Ian utilizes his ability to communicate in different languages and cultures to prepare Eni's global messaging strategy. "Communication is a transfer of humanity," he says, and his job is as much centered around people as it as around language.

Watch Ian's human approach to communications on the most recent episode of Faces of Eni.

How to capture the essence of this incredible, terrible year in a few short words and without using profanity? It's not easy.

Thankfully, the dictionary website Merriam-Webster.com has released its list of most heavily searched words of 2020, and they tell the story of an historic year in US politics and the life of our planet. Here's a sample.

The top word, unsurprisingly, was "Pandemic," a disease outbreak that covers a wide area and afflicts lots of people. In 2020, the coronavirus crisis hit every region of the world, triggering a public health, economic, and political emergency on a geographic scale our planet has never experienced. Differing responses to that problem defined the politics (and geopolitics) of 2020.

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While recent news from Pfizer, Moderna and AstraZeneca on the efficacy of their respective COVID vaccines is encouraging, it has also given rise to bidding wars between wealthy countries trying to secure the largest supply of the new drugs for their citizens. Meanwhile, many governments in emerging market economies, where healthcare infrastructure is generally weaker, are worried they'll be kicked to the back of the line in the global distribution process. Indeed, history bears out their concerns: while a lifesaving HIV treatment hit shelves in the West in the mid-1990s, for example, it took years to become widely in Africa, which saw some of the worst HIV outbreaks in the world. But here's the catch: even if wealthy countries manage to obtain large supplies of vaccines to immunize their populations, the interconnected nature of the global economy means that no one will really be out of the woods until we all are. Here's a snapshot of how many COVID vaccines select countries have already purchased.

Afghanistan's small breakthrough: For months, disagreements over a range of political issues have hamstrung the intra-Afghan peace talks brokered by the Trump administration that aim to bridge the years-long conflict between the Afghan government and the Taliban. But this week, a significant breakthrough was made on the principles and procedures governing the talks, that, experts say, will help push negotiations to the next phase. One key advance is agreement on the official name of the Afghan government, an issue that stalled talks earlier this year. Still, progress is fragile. Taliban violence and efforts to seize territory have only increased since the militants and the US reached a deal in February on a blueprint for an American troop withdrawal. And the Trump administration says it aims to pull out all but 2,500 US troops by mid-January, whether the Taliban have kept their end of the deal or not. What's more, while this week's development puts the parties one step closer to an eventual power-sharing agreement, it's unclear whether the incoming Biden administration will even honor the Trump administration's deal with the Taliban.

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Two weeks ago, Russia secured a deal to build a naval base in Sudan, its first new military facility in Africa since the end of the Cold War. The accord is a major milestone in Moscow's wider push to regain influence, and income, on a continent where the Kremlin was once a major player.

But with the ideological and military contests of the Cold War long over, what is Moscow doing in Africa today?

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Reasons for Hope: COVID and the Coming Year. Watch on Friday. Dec 4 2020 12 noon - 1 pm ET

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