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Will Saudi Aramco’s IPO succeed?

What does it mean when Iran says it will begin injecting gas into centrifuges?

It means that they're taking one further step, the most significant so far, to break their own commitment to the Iranian nuclear deal. Keep in mind, the Americans pulled out well over a year ago. And with new sanctions, the Iranian economy is contracted this year by almost 10 percent. So, they're pretty angry about it, and they're lashing out. That's where we are.


Will Saudi Aramco's IPO succeed?

It probably will, because they're actually taking their target price from two trillion, which the markets never believed. That's the high end of the Goldman Sachs estimate. Other banks said: "No way. Closer to 1.2 (trillion), 1.4 (trillion), 1.5 (trillion)." They're showing flexibility and they're going to give benefits to the Saudis that buy shares if they hold them for six months, some 10 percent bonus, something like that. On balance, you think it will succeed, but whether that means that Saudi Arabia will actually start diversifying their economy away from energy, that is a much higher bar.

What happens to the Paris climate accord now that the U.S. has formally withdrawn?

Nothing. Everyone else is still with it. In fact, additional countries have joined since the Americans said they'd pull out. Let's keep in mind that even though they're formally saying they're withdrawing, they aren't withdrawn until the day after Election Day in a year's time. Which means if Trump loses, when the next president comes in, almost certainly will re-sign the Americans into the Paris climate accord. If he wins again, the Americans are out. But hundreds of mayors, 25 governors at this point, and also CEOs in the United States say they're still committed. So, on balance, it is less of a fall apart than you would have otherwise expected.

Meet Alessandra Cominetti, a recipient of MIT Technology Review Magazine's Innovators Under 35 award. As a lab technician at Eni's Research Centre for Renewable Energy in Novara, Alessandra has devoted her career to finding new solutions and materials to optimize solar energy. Much like the serendipitous encounter that resulted in her employment, her eagerness and willingness to try new things allowed her to stumble upon a material for the creation of portable solar panels.

Watch her remarkable story on the latest episode of Faces of Eni.

"If [the election] is very close and it ends up in the courts, that kind of protracted situation I think will lead many Americans to believe that it was an unfair election." Rick Hasen, election law expert and author of Election Meltdown, lays out some of the worst-case scenarios for Election Day, ranging from unprecedented voter suppression to dirty tricks by foreign actors. The conversation was part of the latest episode of GZERO World with Ian Bremmer. The episode begins airing nationally in the US on public television this Friday, October 30. Check local listings.

"No election is conducted perfectly, and elections have all kinds of problems.We're going to have more problems because we're running an election during a pandemic." Election law expert Rick Hasen cautions that both campaigns could misconstrue honest mistakes in the administration of this week's national election as nefarious acts. The integrity of the election, he warns, could be compromised by human error and the unprecedented challenges posed by a once-in-a-lifetime pandemic. Hasen's especially concerned about key states like Pennsylvania, Wisconsin and Michigan. His conversation with Ian Bremmer is part of the latest episode of GZERO World.

Carl Bildt, former Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Sweden, shares his perspective on Europe In 60 Seconds:

With COVID increasing in France, Germany, Spain, and elsewhere, has Europe lost control of the pandemic?

Well, I wouldn't say lost control, but clearly it is a very worrying situation. With COVID increasing virtually everywhere, we see a new wave of semi-lockdowns... it's not as bad as it was in the spring... with the hope of being able to contain the surge during the month of November. Let's wait and see.

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An extended conversation with Anne-Marie Slaughter, a former top State Department official under President Obama and the CEO of the think tank New America. Slaughter spoke with Ian Bremmer about how a "President Biden" could reshape US foreign policy.

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