Hard Numbers: Iranian Hackers Dive Deep Into US Campaigns

13: At least 13 women drowned in the Mediterranean on Monday after a boat carrying migrants from Tunisia capsized off the Italian island of Lampedusa. Arrivals of migrants and refugees are still far from their 2015 peaks, but they have been rising again this year. The UN says more than 1,000 people have died since January while trying to make the dangerous trip to Europe.

36.6: Bucking a broader trend of center-left weakness in Europe, Portugal's incumbent Socialist Party won comfortably in Sunday's general election with 36.6 percent of the vote, beating out the center-right Social Democratic Party's 27.9 percent, and boosting their seat count from 85 to at least 106. But without an outright majority, the party still has some coalition-building to do, likely with parties from the far left.

2,700: In a 30-day period, groups linked to the Iranian government made more than 2,700 attempts to hack email addresses belonging to US presidential campaigns, government officials and journalists, according to new data revealed by Microsoft. Of these, 241 were successful. With little over a year until the 2020 election, how safe will the campaigns be?

25: Angola, Africa's second largest oil producer, has seen its crude output tumble by more than 25 percent over the past ten years, as lower oil prices make companies less willing to invest in the country's hard-to-develop offshore fields. This has made life tough for a still-poor country where oil sales account for two thirds of government revenue and virtually all exports.

Electricity consumption in our homes contributes 25% of all greenhouse gas emissions. What if we could transform this huge contributing factor into a solution? That's what Eni's luminescent solar concentrators can do. These transparent, colored slabs can be inserted into home windows to capture solar energy and generate electricity. By adjusting to the brightness and temperature of your home, they can even save you money on heating and air conditioning costs.

Learn more at Eniday: Energy Is A Good Story

How did an entire country's media spread false news for a night?

Fascinating case study in France over the weekend. For less than a day, we thought that the most wanted men in the country had been caught in Scotland. Turned out to be a case of mistaken identity. The so-called news was actually reported quite carefully at first, on Friday night with careful words. But the language quickly moved from conditional to categorical and therefore, to misinformation through human error. What you have here is the tension between being first and being right, which has always been present in journalism but is more and more as you have these 24 hour news channels, social media, and the incredible economic pressure on news sites that are advertising based and therefore click based.

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Donald Trump announced a fresh "phase 1" trade deal with China last week, part of his ongoing bid to reduce the United States' huge trade deficit with China. The US has been buying more from China than China buys from the US for decades, but since coming into office Trump has made reducing that deficit central to his "America First" agenda. It's not easy to do. Consider that in 2018, after two full years of the Trump administration, the trade deficit with China actually swelled to its highest level since the Clinton years. That's because many perfectly healthy economic factors contribute to a trade deficit: stronger economic growth under Trump has meant more demand for foreign goods, so as long as the economy keeps humming along, it will be hard for Trump to reduce the deficit. Likewise, the strong US dollar makes foreign goods cheaper for US consumers to import, while China's own economic slowdown in 2018 decreased Chinese demand for American goods. For a historical perspective on all of this, here's a look at how the US-China trade balance has developed under each US president going back to 1993.

On Friday, we detailed the main arguments for and against President Trump's decision to withdraw US troops from a pocket of northern Syria where their presence had protected Washington's Kurdish allies against an attack from Turkey. We then asked Signal readers to let us know what they thought.

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Dangerous Chaos in Syria – Turkey's military move into northern Syria had two stated goals: to push Kurdish fighters inside Syria further from Turkey's border and to create a "safe zone" inside Syria in which Turkey could place up to two million Syrian refugees currently living in camps inside Turkey. But the Kurds have now allied with Syria's army, which is backed by Russia, and these forces are now moving north into that same territory toward Turkish troops and Arab militias backed by Ankara. Meanwhile, large numbers of ISIS fighters and their families have escaped prisons where Kurds had held them captive. Turkey's President Erdogan vows to press ahead with his operation until "ultimate victory is achieved." Pandora's Box is now wide open.

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