Hard Numbers: Political Parties Everywhere Are Manipulating Social Media

7 billion: A new trade deal between the US and Japan will open Japanese markets to about $7 billion worth of American farm goods annually. Experts say the deal, which covers beef, pork and wheat, could provide some reprieve for US farmers who are losing market share in China as a result of the US-China trade war.


1,900: In the week since protests erupted against Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi's government, at least 1,900 people have been arrested, according to the Arab Network for Human Rights Information. Demonstrators are protesting government corruption and a broad crackdown on dissent – an extremely risky move in Egypt's police state.

70: Political parties in 70 countries are now engaging in social media manipulation to undermine political opponents, according to a new study by Oxford University. That number has doubled in the past two years, with Facebook remaining the top social network for disinformation.

800,000: The World Health Organization (WHO) and the government of the Democratic Republic of Congo will target over 800,000 children in a nine-day emergency vaccination program after a measles outbreak that's killed 3,500 people in that country this year. WHO says this epidemic is the world's fastest moving and has killed more people this year than Ebola.

The Business and Market Fair that recently took place in Sanzule, Ghana featured local crops, livestock and manufactured goods, thanks in part to the Livelihood Restoration Plan (LRP), one of Eni's initiatives to diversify the local economy. The LRP program provided training and support to start new businesses to approximately 1,400 people from 205 households, invigorating entrepreneurship in the community.

Learn more at Eniday: Energy Is A Good Story

It's been two months since President Trump abruptly ordered the withdrawal of US troops from northern Syria, paving the way for a bloody Turkish offensive in that region. (See our earlier coverage here.) What's happened since? A guide for the puzzled:

No "end date" for US troops in Syria – US Secretary of Defense Mark Esper said this week that the United States has completed its military pullback in northeastern Syria. Back in October, President Trump pledged to withdraw the roughly 1,000 American troops deployed there. Since then, some American troops have left Syria altogether, while others were redeployed to defend nearby oil fields from ISIS, as well as from Syrian government troops and Russia. Now, there are roughly 600 American troops dispersed around Syria, and the remainder have been deployed in Iraq to stave off a potential ISIS resurgence. It's not clear if any troops have returned to the US. When asked about the chaotic comings and goings of US troops in Syria in recent months, the commander of US Central Command said frankly: there's no "end date" for American troops stationed there.

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Turkey's government has captured many thousands of ISIS fighters as a result of its operations in northern Syria. Many of these prisoners have already been deported to some of the more than 100 countries they come from, and Ankara says it intends to send more. There are also more than 10,000 women and children – family members of ISIS fighters – still living in camps inside Syria.

These facts create a dilemma for the governments of countries where the ISIS detainees are still citizens: Should these terrorist fighters and their families be allowed to return, in many cases to face trial back home? Or should countries refuse to allow them back?

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What's the difference between Alphabet and Google?

Well, Google is the search engine, YouTube, all the stuff you probably think of as Google. Alphabet is the parent company that was created four or five years ago. And it contains a whole bunch of other entities like Jigsaw, Verily - the health care company that Google runs, Waymo - the self-driving car unit. Also, it's important to know Google makes tons of money. Alphabet, all that other stuff loses tons of money.

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