HARD NUMBERS

3,500: The Islamic State West Africa Province, a Nigerian jihadist group aligned with ISIS, is estimated to have around 3,500 fighters today, more than the original group now has in Syria and Iraq. Africa may well be the next front for “the caliphate” as it continues to cede ground in the Middle East.


1,692: Civilian deaths in Afghanistan reached a record of 1,692 in the first half of the year, despite a temporary ceasefire between the government and the Taliban, according to a new UN report.

180: One way to prevent online dissent: turn off the internet. Between January 2016 and December 2017, there were more than 180 documented instances of government-imposed online blackouts around the world, according to the internet advocacy group Access Now. The longest lasted 93 days and took place in Cameroon.

160: A stockpile of gold estimated to be worth $160 billion is locked away in Hindu temples across India. That hidden fortune is increasingly becoming a target for theft in a country where more than 70 million still live in extreme poverty.

7: This week’s meeting between Trump and Putin was the seventh official summit between the leaders of the US and Russia since the collapse of the Soviet Union and the first since Russia’s 2014 annexation of Crimea.

Paper was originally made from rags until the introduction of cellulose in 1800. Since then, it has transformed into a "circular" industry, with 55% of paper produced in Italy recovered. It no longer just comes from trees, either. Some companies produce paper with scraps from the processing of other products like wool and walnuts.

Learn more about this rags to riches story in Eni's new Energy Superfacts series.

Donald Trump can still win re-election in November, but foreign governments read the same polls we do. They know that Joe Biden heads into the homestretch with a sizeable polling lead — both nationally and in the states most likely to decide the outcome. Naturally, they're thinking ahead to what a Biden foreign policy might look like.

They're probably glad that Biden gives them a half-century track record to study. (He was first elected to local office in 1970 and to the US Senate in 1972.) The six years he spent as ranking member, then chairman, of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, his term as co-chairman of the Senate's NATO Observer Group, and his eight years as Barack Obama's vice president tell them that he's essentially a "liberal internationalist," a person who believes that America must lead a global advance of democracy and freedom — and that close cooperation with allies is essential for success.

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On GZERO World, Ian Bremmer explores the escalating tension between the world's two biggest geopolitical and economic players—the US and China. With guest Zanny Minton Beddoes, Editor-in-Chief of The Economist, Bremmer discusses the modern history of China after the fall of the Soviet Union and why another Cold War might be inevitable.

Watch the episode.


On the GZERO World Podcast, Ian Bremmer explores the escalating tension between the world's two biggest geopolitical and economic players—the US and China. With guest Zanny Minton Beddoes, Editor-in-Chief of The Economist, Bremmer discusses the modern history of China after the fall of the Soviet Union and why another Cold War might be inevitable.

Donald Trump, Jair Bolsonaro, and Vladimir Putin gather via Zoom for a meeting of the Pandemic Presidents. But who's the top Corona King of them all? #PUPPETREGIME