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What Are the EU and UK Positions on the Irish Backstop?

What are the EU and UK positions on the Irish backstop?

Lord William Hague: In a sentence, the UK position is that there should be a customs border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. But you manage it remotely, sensitively. The EU and Irish position is you can't have a border at all, a customs border even managed away from the border.

David Miliband: The backstop is what Theresa May described as an insurance policy against the failure of the UK and the European Union to agree on a comprehensive set of trade arrangements that would govern future UK-EU relations, after we have not just left but left the transition from the current state of affairs to a future one. At this backstop was at the heart of the withdrawal agreement that she agreed. And it's an insurance policy against the recurrence of a hard border on the island of Ireland, between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. The backstop insisted or required that in the event that there wasn't a comprehensive trade agreement between the UK and the EU after the transition period, then Northern Ireland would effectively remain within the single market and the Customs Union of the European Union. In the case of the Customs Union, so would the rest of the United Kingdom. It thereby would ensure that there were no new border checks on the island of Ireland.

Empathy and listening are key to establishing harmonious relationships, as demonstrated by Callista Azogu, GM of Human Resources & Organization for Nigerian Agip Oil Company (NAOC), an Eni subsidiary in Abuja. "To build trust is very difficult. To destroy it is very easy," says Callista, whose busy days involve everything from personnel issues to union relationships. She sees great potential for her native Nigeria not only because of the country's natural resources, but because of its vibrant and creative people.

Learn more about Callista in this episode of Faces of Eni.

For the world's wealthiest nations, including the United States, the rollout of COVID-19 vaccine has been rocky, to say the least. And as a result, much of the developing world will have to wait even longer for their turn. Part of the challenge, World Bank President David Malpass says, is that "advanced economies have reserved a lot of the vaccine doses." Malpass sat down with Ian Bremmer recently to talk about what his organization is doing to try to keep millions around the world from slipping deeper into poverty during the pandemic. Their conversation was part of the latest episode of GZERO World.

Saturday will mark the beginning of an historic turning point for European politics as 1,001 voting members of Germany's Christian Democratic Union, the party of Chancellor Angela Merkel, hold an online conference to elect a new leader.

Here are the basic facts:

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For the first time in twenty years, extreme poverty around the world is growing. How does the developing world recover from a pandemic that has brought even the richest nations to their knees? David Malpass, the President of the World Bank, is tasked with answering that question. He joins Ian Bremmer on GZERO World to talk about how his organization is trying to keep the developing world from slipping further into poverty in the wake of a once-in-a-century pandemic.

Joe Biden wants to move into the White House, but the coast isn't clear. He may need some bleach.

Watch more PUPPET REGIME here.

The GZERO World Podcast with Ian Bremmer. Listen now.


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