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​What We're Watching: Merkel's emergency, South Sudan's hopes, and the Mecca Girls

​What We're Watching: Merkel's emergency, South Sudan's hopes, and the Mecca Girls

Merkel's CDU in turmoil– Chancellor Angela Merkel's CDU Party will hold a special session on April 25 to pick her successor after a series of crises that threaten to undermine her coalition government. The need to consolidate the party took on renewed urgency Sunday after the CDU slipped to third place with just 11 percent of the vote in local Hamburg elections. Merkel, chancellor for almost 15 years, said she will not run after her term ends in October 2021, but the woman seen as her obvious successor, Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer (AKK) recently quit as party boss, throwing CDU into further turmoil. The surprising outcome in Hamburg appeared to be a rebuke to the CDU after one of its local branches broke with post-World War Two convention in voting with the far-right AfD party to install a state official. Merkel wants to see out her term, but several candidates are reportedly jockeying to replace her immediately. We're watching to see how Merkel manages the political storm.

South Sudan's unity government – After a decade of bloody civil war and failed attempts at reconciliation, rivals in South Sudan have finally formed a unity government. International pressure had long mounted on South Sudan's President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar to reach a peace deal that would end a conflict that's killed at least 400,000 and displaced some 1.4 million people. Until now, both sides had refused to make concessions on two sticking points: territorial borders and security concerns in Juba, the capital. Machar has now been sworn in as the president's deputy, and the two sides will try to raise money to boost the famine-stricken economy. But this isn't their first attempt at a détente. Kiir and Machar started as political partners in 2011 after South Sudan gained independence from the north. But ensuing rivalry sparked a war characterized by ethnic violence that drew in tribal groups from around the country. Many of the armed groups operating in the region haven't signed on to the new deal, which could stir trouble for the nascent peace process.

Mecca Girls - Saudi authorities have called for the arrest of a Saudi female rapper following the release of a music video for her song Mecca Girl. The performer, who calls herself Asayel Slay, has given particular offense to some with the lyric "the Mecca girl is sugar candy." The governor of Mecca, home to Islam's holiest site, tweeted that the lyric and entire performance "insults the customs of Mecca." A supporter of the performance tweeted in response that "It's the only rap song that doesn't contain a single obscenity, insult, pornographic scene, nudity, hashish or smoking and the rapper is even wearing the hijab." Another supporter of the video points to the contradiction in Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman's "modernization" drive: "This is so typical of the Saudi government to do – bring western influencers to artwash the regime but attack real Saudi women who try to artistically express their cultural identities."

Pablo's hungry hippos – Descendants of the pet hippos brought to Colombia by deceased drug lord Pablo Escobar in the 1980s are making news again this week. The original hippos, freed following Escobar's death in 1993, were considered too large and expensive to transport elsewhere. Their offspring are again wandering the countryside, provoking sharp reactions from local residents. Some adore the hippos. Others fear that their growing number will exponentially increase their destructive potential. A plan to sterilize some of the hippos will do little to manage a population that's expected to quadruple over the next decade. This region may one day find itself with literally thousands of hungry, hungry hippos.

Carbon has a bad rep, but did you know it's a building block of life? As atoms evolved, carbon trapped in CO2 was freed, giving way to the creation of complex molecules that use photosynthesis to convert carbon to food. Soon after, plants, herbivores, and carnivores began populating the earth and the cycle of life began.

Learn more about how carbon created life on Earth in the second episode of Eni's Story of CO2 series.

As we enter the homestretch of the US presidential election — which is set to be the most contentious, and possibly contested, in generations — Americans are also voting on 35 seats up for grabs in a battle for the control of the Senate. The 100-member body is currently held 53-47 by the Republican Party, but many individual races are wide open, and the Democrats are confident they can flip the upper chamber of Congress.

Either way, the result will have a profound impact not only on domestic policy, but also on US foreign relations and other issues with global reach. Here are a few areas where what US senators decide reverberates well beyond American shores.

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On September 23, GZERO Media — in partnership with Microsoft and Eurasia Group — gathered global experts to discuss global recovery from the coronavirus pandemic in a livestream panel. Our panel for the discussion Crisis Response & Recovery: Reimagining while Rebuilding, included:

  • Brad Smith, President, Microsoft
  • Ian Bremmer, President and Founder, Eurasia Group & GZERO Media
  • Jeh Johnson, Partner, Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison, LLP and former Secretary of Homeland Security.
  • John Frank, Vice President, UN Affairs at Microsoft
  • Susan Glasser, staff writer and Washington columnist, The New Yorker (moderator)

Special appearances by UN Secretary-General António Guterres, European Central Bank chief Christine Lagarde, and comedian/host Trevor Noah.

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Jon Lieber, who leads Eurasia Group's coverage of political and policy developments in Washington, offers insights on the Supreme Court vacancy:

Will Senate Republicans, who stopped a Supreme Court nomination in 2016, because it was too close to an election, pay a political price for the change in tactics this time around?

Not only do I think they won't pay a political price, I think in many cases, they're going to benefit. Changing the balance of power on the Supreme Court has been a career-long quest for many conservatives and many Republicans. And that's why you've seen so many of them fall in line behind the President's nomination before we even know who it is.

At this point, do Senate Democrats have any hope of stopping President Trump from filling the ninth seat on the Supreme Court?

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In a special GZERO Media livestream on global response and recovery amid the COVID-19 pandemic, Eurasia Group & GZERO Media president Ian Bremmer discussed the difference between Europe's unified approach to economic stimulus and the deeply divided and political nature of the current conversation in the US. While initial stimulus support was bipartisan, there is little chance of Democrats and Republicans coming together again ahead of the November 3 presidential election. "It's red state versus blue state. President Trump's saying that coronavirus isn't so bad if you take the blue states out. He's president of the blue states, you can't take the blue states out," Bremmer told moderator Susan Glasser of The New Yorker.

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Panel: How will the world recover from COVID-19?

UNGA Livestream