Hard Numbers

5.4 billion: Last week, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled a $5.4 billion package to shore up popular support ahead of a crucial national election later this year. The funds include $2.8 billion in direct payments to small farmers and $2.6 billion in tax breaks for the middle class.

10,500: In 2017, the production of opium, the major ingredient in heroin, in Afghanistan increased by 65 percent to 10,500 tonnes, the highest total recorded by the UN Office of Drugs and Crime since it began collecting data in 2000. That's in part because the Taliban has boosted production of the lucrative crop as it's expanded control over Afghan territory.

50: A 50 percent increase in attacks by Israeli settlers on Palestinians, their property, and Israeli security forces over the past year threatens to plunge the febrile West Bank into deeper instability, Israel security officials worry.

1: Yesterday, Pope Francis became the first pontiff to ever visit the Arabian Peninsula, arriving in the United Arab Emirates to take part in an inter-religious conference. He also led a Mass for members of the UAE's sizable Catholic expat community, which comprises almost 10 percent of its population.

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And go deeper on topics like cybersecurity and artificial intelligence at Microsoft on The Issues.

Last weekend, world leaders, security experts, and business executives flocked to the Hotel Bayrischer Hof in Munich for the 55th annual Munich Security Conference. What's the Munich Security Conference? Think of it a bit like Davos, but with policymakers in dark suits rather than billionaires in Gore-Tex.

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Speaking of trans-Atlantic rifts, we've written previously about the US pushback against Huawei, arguably the world's most geopolitically significant technology company. The Trump administration has been trying to convinceits European allies to ban the Chinese tech giant from their next-generation 5G information networks, citing national security risks. Last week, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo even warned of consequences for countries that don't toe Washington's line on the issue.

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Over the past 20 years, hundreds of millions of people in China have been pulled out of poverty by their country's staggering economic growth. Beijing today is a rising power on the global stage. That's all pretty great, and yet the country still ranks beneath war-torn Libya and perpetually melancholy Russia in the United Nations World Happiness Report. This week's Economist hazards a guess about what really makes people smile or scowl, but here's how China stacks up for joy against other countries.