Hard Numbers: China's obesity problem

18: Despite a recent government inquiry that condemned the use of live fire against protesters, Iraqi security forces have done just that – killing at least 18 people in the southern city of Kerbala. Tens of thousands of Iraqis have returned to the streets in recent days in a second wave of demonstrations over corruption, joblessness, and the government's violent crackdowns.


16: ISIS-linked jihadists killed 16 villagers in a shooting in northern Burkina Faso. It's the latest attack by jihadist insurgents who have gained a foothold in the Sahel region, stoking tribal and sectarian tensions.

350 million: According to a new study, some 350 million people in China are overweight or obese, including one out of every five children. In the mid-1990s, before an economic boom made processed junk foods more widely available, only one child in 20 was overweight.

67: Ethnic and political tensions have sparked an outbreak of violence in Ethiopia, Africa's second most populous country, resulting in 67 deaths. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has come under harsh criticism for his muted response to the violence, just weeks after receiving the Nobel Peace Prize.

Last week, in Fulton, WI, together with election officials from the state of Wisconsin and the election technology company VotingWorks, Microsoft piloted ElectionGuard in an actual election for the first time.

As voters in Fulton cast ballots in a primary election for Wisconsin Supreme Court candidates, the official count was tallied using paper ballots as usual. However, ElectionGuard also provided an encrypted digital tally of the vote that enabled voters to confirm their votes have been counted and not altered. The pilot is one step in a deliberate and careful process to get ElectionGuard right before it's used more broadly across the country.

Read more about the process at Microsoft On The Issues.

The risk of a major technology blow-up between the US and Europe is growing. A few weeks ago, we wrote about how the European Union wanted to boost its "technological sovereignty" by tightening its oversight of Big Tech and promoting its own alternatives to big US and Chinese firms in areas like cloud computing and artificial intelligence.

Last week, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen and her top digital officials unveiled their first concrete proposals for regulating AI, and pledged to invest billions of euros to turn Europe into a data superpower.

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Communal violence in Delhi: Over the past few days, India's capital city has seen its deadliest communal violence in decades. This week's surge in mob violence began as a standoff between protesters against a new citizenship law that critics say discriminates against India's Muslims and the law's Hindu nationalist defenders. Clashes between Hindu and Muslim mobs in majority-Muslim neighborhoods in northeast Delhi have killed at least 11 people, both Muslim and Hindu, since Sunday. We're watching to see how Prime Minister Narendra Modi's government responds – Delhi's police force reports to federal, rather than local, officials.

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Ian Bremmer's perspective on what's happening in geopolitics:

What are the takeaways from President Trump's visit to India?

No trade deal, in part because Modi is less popular and he's less willing to focus on economic liberalization. It's about nationalism right now. Hard to get that done. But the India US defense relationship continues to get more robust. In part, those are concerns about China and Russia.

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27,000: The Emir of Qatar has decreed a $27,000 fine and up to five years in prison for anyone who publishes, posts, or repost content that aims to "harm the national interest" or "stir up public opinion." No word on whether the Doha-based Al-Jazeera network, long a ferocious and incisive critic of other Arab governments, will be held to the same standard.

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