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Struggling Ethiopia

Struggling Ethiopia

Home to more than 100 million people, Ethiopia has been one of Africa’s brightest success stories of the past two decades. In 2000, it was the third poorest country on Earth. Between 2000 and 2016, Ethiopia was the third-fastest growing major economy, behind just China and Myanmar, and the country has remained an island of stability in the terrorism-plagued Horn of Africa. That’s where the good news stops.


Ethiopia is now burdened with severe wealth inequality, high unemployment, particularly for young people, and deadly ethnic unrest. In response to intensifying protests, the government declared a state of emergency in October 2016 and in the ensuing months arrested 29,000 people, according to the country’s defense ministry. The emergency order was lifted in August 2017, but protests have continued.

On January 3, in response to long-standing charges of human rights abuses in the country, Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn promised to free all political prisoners and shut down a prison that rights advocates say has been used for torture. But this announcement was followed quickly by a correction. Someprisoners will be freed, though it’s not clear exactly how many. This week, the government said it would drop charges against hundreds of people, but only after they completed two days of “rehabilitation training.” Opposition leader Merera Gudina was among 527 people freed on Wednesday. He served more than a year in jail.

Outsiders have been reluctant to pressure Ethiopia’s government because it has proven a valuable counter-terrorism ally, but pressure from within the country appears to have forced the prisoner release, even if it’s not as sweeping as it first appeared. We’ll keep watching.

Empathy and listening are key to establishing harmonious relationships, as demonstrated by Callista Azogu, GM of Human Resources & Organization for Nigerian Agip Oil Company (NAOC), an Eni subsidiary in Abuja. "To build trust is very difficult. To destroy it is very easy," says Callista, whose busy days involve everything from personnel issues to union relationships. She sees great potential for her native Nigeria not only because of the country's natural resources, but because of its vibrant and creative people.

Learn more about Callista in this episode of Faces of Eni.

For the world's wealthiest nations, including the United States, the rollout of COVID-19 vaccine has been rocky, to say the least. And as a result, much of the developing world will have to wait even longer for their turn. Part of the challenge, World Bank President David Malpass says, is that "advanced economies have reserved a lot of the vaccine doses." Malpass sat down with Ian Bremmer recently to talk about what his organization is doing to try to keep millions around the world from slipping deeper into poverty during the pandemic. Their conversation was part of the latest episode of GZERO World.

Saturday will mark the beginning of an historic turning point for European politics as 1,001 voting members of Germany's Christian Democratic Union, the party of Chancellor Angela Merkel, hold an online conference to elect a new leader.

Here are the basic facts:

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For the first time in twenty years, extreme poverty around the world is growing. How does the developing world recover from a pandemic that has brought even the richest nations to their knees? David Malpass, the President of the World Bank, is tasked with answering that question. He joins Ian Bremmer on GZERO World to talk about how his organization is trying to keep the developing world from slipping further into poverty in the wake of a once-in-a-century pandemic.

Joe Biden wants to move into the White House, but the coast isn't clear. He may need some bleach.

Watch more PUPPET REGIME here.

The GZERO World Podcast with Ian Bremmer. Listen now.

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