What to expect at the NATO Leaders Summit?

How has NATO changed during the 70 years of its existence?

Well, rather fundamentally, it was originally, of course, a question of sort of deterring Soviet aggression and also making the possibility for Germany to come back as a military power for the defense of Europe. Then with the demise of the Soviet Union and collapse, it evolved into doing operations for peace stabilization, be that Bosnia, be that Afghanistan, or be that others.


And then lately, of course, we have seen the basic demands of deterrence and territorial defense coming back very much of the Russian aggression against Ukraine. So, it's been a long journey.

What should we watch for at the NATO Leaders Summit in London?

Well, I fear it's going to be a question of Trump management, to make certain that things are not completely derailed by the one thing or the other. So, it will be interesting to watch. Only days before the UK election as well.

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