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What We're Watching: Walter Reed's door, Sudan's peace, Nagorno-Karabakh's war

President Donald Trump surrounded by images of the coronavirus

What's next for patient Trump? After four days of confusion about the state of President Trump's health following a positive test for COVID-19, the US President was discharged from Walter Reed Medical Center on Monday evening — just 29 days before the US election. Before falling ill (the president reportedly required both oxygen support and a cocktail of experimental medications only used in severe cases of COVID) and being forced off the campaign trail, Trump trailed challenger Joe Biden by significant margins in some important swing states. With just four weeks until Election Day — and millions of Americans already voting by mail — we are watching the pace of President Trump's recovery and how quickly he'll return to his signature large rallies. And if Trump recovers quickly and fully, will his claim of having "beaten the virus" resonate with the undecided voters whose support could help save his campaign?


Sudan formalizes landmark peace deal: After years of conflict that led to hundreds of thousands of deaths and displaced some 2 million people, Sudan's transitional government has now formalized a peace deal with rebel factions to stabilize the country. The accord comes a year after Sudan's joint civilian-military government — which came to power after popular protests ousted the country's long time strongman President Omar al-Bashir in 2019 — and the Sudanese Revolutionary Front, a rebel bloc, began negotiating conditions of a peace deal. Terms that were particularly hard to iron out include the integration of rebels in the nation's armed forces, as well as establishing a blueprint for greater political representation and equitable land rights for different ethnic groups, long a point of contention in Sudan. The deal has backing from global heavyweights including the European Union and the African Union, who both signed the agreement as "guarantors." But the refusal of two influential rebel groups to sign it underscores the continuing challenges to stabilizing a country long-gripped by economic crisis, natural resource wars, and ethnic discord.

Fighting intensifies in Nagorno-Karabakh: Despite ongoing calls from NATO, Russia, and the United Nations for a ceasefire, fighting between the Azeris and Armenians over the contested Nagorno-Karabakh region has only intensified in recent days, with both sides accusing the other of targeting urban enclaves and civilian areas. Nagorno-Karabakh is internationally recognized as Azerbaijani territory but controlled by ethnic Armenian separatists. Azerbaijan's President, Ilham Aliyev, said on Sunday that his forces would not back down until they reclaimed land seized by ethnic Armenians three decades ago. The clashes, which began in late September, are the most intense confrontation in the South Caucasus (where Armenia and Azerbaijan are located) since the sides fought a years-long war in the 1990s that killed 30,000 people and displaced more than a million. The latest escalation suggests positions are hardening on both sides, and that the conflict — which has drawn in outside players including Russia and Turkey — will only intensify in the weeks ahead.

Empathy and listening are key to establishing harmonious relationships, as demonstrated by Callista Azogu, GM of Human Resources & Organization for Nigerian Agip Oil Company (NAOC), an Eni subsidiary in Abuja. "To build trust is very difficult. To destroy it is very easy," says Callista, whose busy days involve everything from personnel issues to union relationships. She sees great potential for her native Nigeria not only because of the country's natural resources, but because of its vibrant and creative people.

Learn more about Callista in this episode of Faces of Eni.

Saturday will mark the beginning of an historic turning point for European politics as 1,001 voting members of Germany's Christian Democratic Union, the party of Chancellor Angela Merkel, hold an online conference to elect a new leader.

Here are the basic facts:

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They call it Einstein. It's the multibillion-dollar digital defense system the US has used to catch outside hackers and attackers since 2003. But it was no match for what's looking like one of the biggest cyber breaches in US history. Ian Bremmer breaks it down.

Watch the GZERO World episode: Cyber attack: an act of espionage or war?

Since Martin Luther King Jr delivered his iconic "I have a dream" speech in August 1963, the number of Black Americans elected to the United States Congress has dramatically increased. Still, it wasn't until 2019, more than half a century later, that the share of Black members serving in the House of Representatives reflected the percentage of Black Americans in the broader population —12 percent. To date, only six states have sent a Black representative to serve in the US Senate (recent runoff elections will make Georgia the seventh state), and many states have never elected a Black representative to either house of Congress. Here's a look at Black representation in every US Congress since 1963.

More than 32 million COVID shots have now been administered globally, raising hopes that the light at the end of the tunnel is now in sight.

The US has vaccinated 3 percent of its total population, while the UK is nearing a solid 5 percent inoculation rate. In Israel, which has been hailed as a vaccine success story, almost 24 percent of people have already received at least one dose of a COVID vaccine.

But while many countries are able to glimpse the outlines of a post-COVID world, there is a huge population of people who are being left out entirely. Refugees, as well as displaced, undocumented, and stateless people around the world remain ineligible for inoculations and vulnerable to the coronavirus.

We take a look at three case studies where powerless populations are being left in the lurch.

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The GZERO World Podcast with Ian Bremmer. Listen now.

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