Hard Numbers: Bolsonaro abandons indigenous communities, WTO's leadership race is on, US jobless benefits running out, Poles back to polls

850,000: Amid the country's surging coronavirus crisis, Brazil's President Jair Bolsonaro vetoed parts of a law that required the government to provide protections — including clean drinking water and access to hospital beds — for the country's indigenous population of around 850,000. Data shows that COVID-19 has been disproportionately ravaging these communities, in part because they have limited access to healthcare.


8: Who wants one of the toughest jobs in the world right now? Eight candidates — from countries including Nigeria, Mexico, and Saudi Arabia — have thrown their names in the ring to become the next Director General of the World Trade Organization. Whoever gets the gig will have to steer the world out of the worst global economic crisis in decades.

1.3 million: At least 1.3 million Americans filed jobless claims last week, bringing the total number of people receiving unemployment benefits in the US to 18 million. Meanwhile, federal unemployment benefits are set to run out later this month and Congress hasn't agreed on a subsequent aid package.

2: Poles head back to the polls on Sunday to decide between the two remaining presidential candidates — ultra-conservative incumbent president Andrzej Duda who's aligned with the ruling Law and Justice party, or Rafal Trzaskowski, the liberal mayor of Warsaw. Poland's bellwether election is seen as a crucial test of populism in Europe amid the worst global economic downturn in decades.


CORRECTION: An earlier version of this piece erroneously stated that the leadership race was on for the World Health Organization (WHO) rather than the World Trade Organization. We regret the error.

Paper was originally made from rags until the introduction of cellulose in 1800. Since then, it has transformed into a "circular" industry, with 55% of paper produced in Italy recovered. It no longer just comes from trees, either. Some companies produce paper with scraps from the processing of other products like wool and walnuts.

Learn more about this rags to riches story in Eni's new Energy Superfacts series.

In late 2017, Zimbabwe's long-serving strongman Robert Mugabe was deposed by the army after 37 years in power. Amid huge popular celebrations, he handed over the reins to Emmerson Mnangagwa, his former spy chief. It was an extraordinary turn of history: Mugabe, one of Africa's last "Big Men" and a hero of the country's liberation war to end white minority rule, went out with barely a whimper, placing Zimbabwe — stricken by economic ruin and international isolation — in the hands of "The Crocodile."

Mugabe has since died, but almost three years after his departure, Zimbabwe's woes continue.

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As the world prepares to mark the 75th anniversary since American forces dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, global non-proliferation efforts, first codified in Cold War-era treaties, are in jeopardy. While the overall number of nuclear weapons continues to decrease — mainly because the US and Russia have set about dismantling retired weapons — both countries, which account for 90 percent of the world's total nuclear arsenal, continue to modernize their nuclear weapons programs. Meanwhile, the New START treaty, which limits the number of long-range nuclear weapons that each side can deploy to about 1,500 apiece, is at risk of collapsing. Here's a look at which countries have nuclear weapon stockpiles and who's ready to use them.

Ian Bremmer's Quick Take:

Happy Monday, we are in August, summer, should be taking it a little easier. Coronavirus not taking the stress levels off but hopefully giving people the excuse, if you're not traveling so much, be close with your families, your loved ones and all that. Look, this is not a philosophical conversation, this is a talk about what's happening in the world, a little Quick Take for you.

First of all, you know, I'm getting a little bit more optimistic about the news in the United States right now. Yes, honestly, I am. In part because the caseload is flattening across the country and it's reducing in some of the core states that have seen the greatest explosion in this continuation of the first wave. Yes, the deaths are going up and they should continue to for a couple of weeks because it is a lagging indicator in the United States. But the fact that deaths are going up does not say anything about what's coming in the next few weeks. That tells you what's happened in the last couple of weeks.

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TikTok, ya don't stop: The wildly popular video app TikTok has been in the crosshairs of American lawmakers for many months now. Why? Because the app is owned by a Chinese company, raising national security concerns that it could funnel personal data on its 100 million American users to the Chinese government. The plot thickened in recent days after President Trump abruptly threatened to ban the app altogether, risking a backlash among its users and imperiling US tech giant Microsoft's efforts to buy the company's operations in the US. Canada, Australia and New Zealand. After a weekend conversation between Microsoft and the White House, the sale negotiations are back on but US lawmakers say any deal must strictly prevent American users' data from winding up in Chinese Communist Party servers. And Trump says that unless a deal is reached by September 15th, he'll go ahead with the ban. The broader fate of TikTok — which has now been banned in India, formerly its largest market, and may be broken up under US pressure — nicely illustrates the new "tech Cold War" that is emerging between China and the United States.

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