What We’re Watching: The World’s Lungs Are Burning

The Amazon in flames – More than 70,000 forest fires are burning in Brazil right now, most of them in the Amazon. That's up 84% over the same period last year, and it's the highest number on record. This is the dry season when farmers burn certain amounts of forest legally to clear farmland. But critics say Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro's efforts to loosen conservation rules have encouraged farmers, loggers, and miners to set more fires, many of them illegally. Bolsonaro – a science skeptic who recently fired the head of the agency that tracks deforestation – says, without proof, that NGOs are setting the fires to embarrass his government. Meanwhile, the EU is holding up a major trade deal with Brazil unless Bolsonaro commits to higher environmental protection standards, including those that affect the Amazon.


Fake flames interlude: if you are sharing photos of the Amazon in flames – and go right ahead, because the Amazon produces 20% of the oxygen in our atmosphere – just make sure they aren't fakes.

Korea and Japan stop sharing intelligence – Ongoing tensions between Seoul and Tokyo over the legacy of Japan's 20th century occupation of Korea spilled from trade into national security this week, as Korea said it will scrap the two countries' military intelligence-sharing alliance. The timing, just as North Korea has started lobbing missiles into the Sea of Japan again, is…not great: Washington had pushed for that intel alliance as part of its efforts to address the threat posed by Pyongyang's nuclear program. We're watching to see whether these historic frenemies can find a way to save face and back down before someone gets hurt or a missile goes undetected.

What We're Ignoring

The G7 Summit in Biarritz Heck of a time to get together for a summit: Italy's prime minister resigned just three days ago. Germany's Angela Merkel is on her way out of power. Canada's Justin Trudeau is reeling from an ethics scandal and faces elections soon. The UK's Boris Johnson is trying to play chicken on Brexit with an unmoved Brussels. Japan's Shinzo Abe is in a rapidly-deteriorating spat with South Korea. Donald Trump wants to know why his pal Vladimir Putin isn't invited to these things anymore. And host country France's Emmanuel Macron has already announced that there won't be a joint communique at the end of the summit because the leaders won't really agree to anything. So while there will be the usual headlines and tweets and gaffes, we are ignoring the summit because nothing of substance seems likely to come from it.

Ferrera Erbognone, a small town in the northern Italian province of Pavia, is home to one of the most cutting-edge computing centers in the world: Eni's Green Data Center. All of the geophysical and seismic prospecting data Eni produces from all over the world ends up here. Now, the Green Data Center is welcoming a new supercomputing system: HPC5, an advanced version of the already powerful HPC4. Due to be completed by early 2020, HPC5 will triple the Green Data Center's computing power, from 18.6 to 52 petaflops, equivalent to 52 million billion mathematical operations per second.

Learn more at Eniday: Energy Is A Good Story

This week, the process of impeaching President Trump entered the critical phase as the House of Representatives held its first public hearings. The battle lines are now drawn.

The Democrats say that there is compelling evidence that Trump withheld badly needed military to aid to an ally at war to pressure that country's government to provide him with personal political benefit by helping him discredit a political rival.

The Republicans say that the evidence comes mainly from witnesses with little or no direct contact with the president, and that the military aid was delivered to Ukraine without the Ukrainian president taking the actions Trump is alleged to have demanded.

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The fight for the Nile: In recent days, the Trump administration has tried to mediate three-way talks between Egypt, Sudan, and Ethiopia on their long-running dispute to access the waters of the Nile. In short, a 1929 treaty gave Egypt and Sudan rights to nearly all Nile waters and the right to veto any attempt by upstream countries to claim a greater share. But in 2011, Ethiopia began work on the so-called Grand Renaissance Dam on the Blue Nile tributary from where 85 percent of the Nile's waters flow. The project, due for completion next year, will be Africa's largest hydroelectric power plant. Egypt, which draws 85 percent of its water from the Nile, has made threats that raised fears of military action. We're watching as this conflict finally comes to a head early next year.

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13: More than 13 percent of US adults, 34 million people, report having a friend or family member who has died in the past five years because they couldn't afford medical treatment, according to a new Gallup poll. Polls show that voters consider healthcare a high-priority issue in next year's US elections.

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What were the reasons behind the rise of the Vox Party in the Spanish general election?

I think it was basically the question of Catalonia, the unity of the Spanish nations. And VOX played very hard on that particular issue and it was eating into the support of the other center-right forces there. So, it has now established itself fairly firmly on the Spanish political scene with the consequences that that will have.

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