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A photo illustration of a smartphone displaying the NVIDIA Corporation stock price on the NASDAQ market, with an NVIDIA chip visible in the background.

Jonathan Raa/NurPhoto via Reuters

A chip bottleneck

Margrethe Vestager, the European Union’s competition chief, has warned of a “huge bottleneck” involving Nvidia. The US semiconductor company plays a pivotal role in designing chips necessary for training and running artificial intelligence models and applications — good for 80% of the market. In recent months, Nvidia has become a $3.1 trillion company — now the third-most-valuable firm in the world behind only Microsoft and Apple.

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A view of the U.S. Supreme Court in Washington, U.S. June 29, 2024.

REUTERS/Kevin Mohatt

SCOTUS muddies the AI regulation waters with Chevron decision

On Friday, the US Supreme Court struck down a landmark ruling on federal agencies’ power, known as “Chevron deference,” that required courts to defer to the agencies’ “reasonable” interpretations of “ambiguous” federal legislation.

This means federal regulations – from telecom and environmental rules to work safety and AI regulation – could now face increased legal challenges, which is a big win for conservatives looking to rein in the executive.

The case: While it sounds like an obscure chess gambit, “Chevron deference” was a pretty straightforward legal doctrine. It held that federal agencies could make their own rules when Congress left aspects of law ambiguous – which they often do – and that courts should defer to the expertise of each agency. But Friday’s ruling held that the executive branch was essentially carrying out lawmaking responsibilities that should be left to Congress.

The AI upshot? The immediate impacts on AI regulation will be limited because there isn’t much on the books yet. To get future regulations to stick under the new ruling, however, Congress will likely have to lay out regulations in minute detail or write laws specifically empowering agencies to cover certain aspects of regulation. Given how slowly Congress moves, the extra legwork could put regulation perpetually behind the pace of innovation. And Congress isn’t known for its tech expertise. Remember when Mark Zuckerberg had to remind one member how social media companies make money: “Senator, we run ads”? Or when another senator asked if the company would “end finsta”?

The danger here is that, depending on how the ruling is interpreted, Congress may have to be overly prescriptive about AI – “if itcan get a law passed at all,” says Eurasia Group’s Scott Bade. “Given how slowly Congress acts, the question then is whether laws can be written in a way that keeps up with the rapid evolution of AI technology.”

Your face is all over the internet

On the subway, you see someone out of the corner of your eye. Do you recognize them? A former classmate? A coworker from three jobs ago? Maybe a short-lived fling? That question nags in your head: Who are they?

AI has an answer: You covertly snap a photo when they’re not looking and upload it to a facial recognition software that searches millions of webpages for that same unique face. Ping! That face pops up in the background of a photo at Walt Disney World, and there they are at a protest, and there they are on someone’s old Flickr page. Oh, but actually one links to a wedding album. They were in the bridal party. The website is still active. A face. A name. Identity unlocked. You finally figured out who they were – the mystery is solved.

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An image of OpenAI CEO Sam Altman is seen on a mobile device screen in this illustration.

Jaap Arriens/NurPhoto via Reuters

OpenAI announces next model and new safety committee

OpenAI announced that it is training a new generative AI model to eventually replace GPT-4, the industry-standard model that powers ChatGPT and Microsoft Copilot.

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Smartphone with Google search

IMAGO/Filippo Carlot via Reuters Connect

Google Search is making things up

Google has begun adding artificial intelligence-generated answers when users type questions into its search engine. Many people have found the AI-generated answers ranging from simply bizarre to flat-out wrong. The search engine’s AI Overviews feature has told users to put glue on pizza to keep the cheese from falling off, that elephants only have two feet, and that you should eat one rock per day for nutritional value. It even told me that, in fact, dogs have played in the National Football League.
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Mind your clicks — AI is watching

Privacy experts warn that new computers with built-in artificial intelligence technology mean Big Tech is increasingly watching what you do.

On May 21, Microsoft announced that it’s building AI directly into Windows operating systems that power PCs. The company announced a new line of what they’re calling Copilot+ PCs, available on June 18, built onto Microsoft’s own Surface devices, as well as on Windows devices from manufacturers such as Acer, Dell, HP, Lenovo, and Samsung.

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How neurotech could enhance our brains using AI
How neurotech could enhance our brains using AI | GZERO AI

How neurotech could enhance our brains using AI

In this episode of GZERO AI, Taylor Owen, host of the Machines Like Us podcast, explores the immense potential of neurotechnology. On the heels of Elon Musk's brain implant company Neuralink making the headlines again, he examines how this technology, now turbocharged by artificial intelligence, could transform our lives. However, it is not without potential pitfalls, which call for regulatory discussions surrounding its use.
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Belgium, Brussels, 2023-12-09. European Commissioner for Internal Market Thierry Breton into the Artificial Intelligence Act Trilogue. Artificial Intelligence Act Trilogue together with the European Parliament and the European Commission to reach agreement on the Artificial Intelligence Act from 9 December 2023 in Brussels.

Union Europeenne / Hans Lucas via Reuters Connect

The EU gets into the “Act” on AI

Well, if the Americans are dragging their feet, the Europeans are racing ahead. The EU on Tuesday officially endorsed a landmark law that aims to protect societies from possible AI harms while still encouraging innovation in the sector.

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