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Larry Summers: Which jobs will AI replace? | GZERO World

Larry Summers: Which jobs will AI replace?

Which jobs are most at risk of being replaced by AI? GZERO World caught up with former US Secretary of Treasury Larry Summers about how technological advances in artificial intelligence could change the labor market. The transformation, he says, could come slowly, then all at once.

“I suspect there's going to be less impact than many people fear in most sectors over the next three years,” Summers tells Ian Bremmer in the interview, “and more impact over the next 10 or 15 years.”

AI will affect some jobs more than others, Summers predicts. For example, AI will likely change the role of doctors, who diagnose people based on large amounts of data before it impacts the jobs of nurses, who provide daily medical care and human compassion. A personal touch is still hard to replace.

More broadly, Summers believes that "traditional hierarchies and ways of thinking" face profound change. And that’s what could make some influential groups nervous. Because AI is likely to affect people who have access to power before regular workers. It’s even probable, he tells Bremmer, that we’ll see “restrictionist and protectionist policies that limit our ability to benefit from these technologies or slow down [their development].”

Watch all of Summers' interview in the upcoming episode of GZERO World with Ian Bremmer, airing on public television across the US - check local listings.

U.S. Vice President Kamala Harris and Second Gentleman Doug Emhoff walk to a helicopter on their way to Cape Coast in Accra, Ghana, Tuesday March 28, 2023.

Misper Apawu/Pool via REUTERS

What We’re Watching: Zambia warns against anti-LGBTQ protests, AI scares tech leaders

Zambia warns against anti-LGBTQ protests ahead of Harris’s arrival

Zambia’s President Hakainde Hichilema is warning against anti-LGBTQ protests ahead of US Veep Kamala Harris’s visit Friday, part of a three-nation Africa tour aimed at shoring up US relations across Africa.

While in Lusaka, Harris will (virtually) address the Summit for Democracy, a Biden-crafted international conference designed to bolster democratic institutions and norms amid rising global authoritarianism. But dozens of Zambian opposition MPs claim the summit also aims to introduce gay rights to the country.

The opposition Patriotic Front Party reportedly plans to hold protests before the summit, but Hichilema has called for calm and for a dialogue with his opponents. Earlier this month, he vowed to maintain Zambia’s laws criminalizing consensual same-sex acts, which carry a life sentence.

This isn’t the first time gay rights have come up during Harris’s tour. In Ghana, she noted that LGBTQ rights are human rights but did not discuss the proposed Ghanaian bill to criminalize LGBTQ identification and advocacy. Harris’s visit also follows Uganda’s adoption last week of a draconian law that criminalizes identifying as LGBTQ, which could involve the death penalty in some cases.

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Ian interviews Scott Galloway: the ChatGPT revolution & tech peril | GZERO World

Ian interviews Scott Galloway: the ChatGPT revolution & tech peril

Note: This interview appeared as part of an episode of GZERO World with Ian Bremmer, "The AI arms race begins: Scott Galloway’s optimism & warnings" on February 20, 2023.

Hollywood has long predicted the blurring of lines between humans and machines, but now, with OpenAI's Dall-E-2 and ChatGPT pushing the boundaries of generative AI, the question becomes: Will the movie that is AI be a rom-com or horror? On GZERO World with Ian Bremmer, tech expert and NYU Professor Scott Galloway warns of the dangers of AI-powered social media platforms like Facebook and TikTok, which are collecting vast amounts of data that could be used for espionage and propaganda.

Galloway believes that the younger generation may be manipulated by these platforms without even realizing it. He also addresses extreme political polarization in America, which he attributes to social media, and suggests mandatory national service to bring young people together and build relationships.

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A central processing unit (CPU) semiconductor chip is displayed among flags of China and U.S., February 17, 2023.

REUTERS/Florence Lo

What We're Watching: US-China tech race, Ukraine-Russia confusion, Greek train politics, world's most populous "country"

Who's winning the US-China tech race?

China is now ahead of the US in 37 out of 44 types of advanced technology, according to a new report by the Australian Strategic Policy Institute. These include artificial intelligence, quantum computing, and robotics — all key to winning the race to dominate global tech. Beijing is finally reaping the benefits of decades and vast sums of money invested in scientific research, a priority for Xi Jinping. So, can China declare victory? Not so fast. The study points out that it’s not easy to turn cutting-edge research milestones into manufacturing prowess. In other words, the Chinese might have acquired the technology to make the most advanced quantum computers in the world, but the country still lacks the capacity to mass-produce them at the same quality standards as less powerful American-made models (this applies, for instance, to semiconductors). For now, at least, China is not yet eating America's tech lunch.

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Emotional AI: More harm than good? | GZERO World

Emotional AI: More harm than good?

Generative AI mimics human-generated text, images, and video, and it's got huge implications for geopolitics, economics, and security. But that's not all - emotionally intelligent AI is on the rise.

And sometimes the results are ugly. Take the mental health nonprofit, KOKO, which used an AI chatbot to support counselors advising 4,000 people who were seeking counseling. The catch: The patients didn't know that a bot was generating the advice they were receiving. While users initially rated the bot-generated responses highly, the therapy lost its effectiveness once the patients were informed that they'd be talking to a fancy calculator.

The real question is: When does emotionally intelligent AI cross the line into emotionally manipulative territory?

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Toxic social media & American divisiveness | GZERO World

Toxic social media & American divisiveness

Are America's social and political divisions a greater threat to its future than any external force? On this episode of GZERO World, tech expert and NYU Professor Scott Galloway argues that despite its geopolitical and economic strength, America's social fabric is fraying due to “a lack of camaraderie, patriotism, and connective tissue.”

He blames social media for creating the sense that things are much worse than they are and worries that artificial intelligence may only make a growing problem much worse.

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ChatGPT's search revolution: How social media will be your new search engine | GZERO World

AI's search revolution: How ChatGPT will be your new search engine

Artificial intelligence and innovations in search engines like Google could shake up some of the old-school tech sectors that have been slacking on innovation for the past two decades.

On GZERO World, tech expert and NYU Professor Scott Galloway shares his views about how Google's current search model sometimes sacrifices accuracy to boost paid results and keep its $150 billion ad business alive.

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Ian Explains: The dark side of AI | GZERO World

Ian Explains: The dark side of AI

Hollywood has long warned us about a future where humans and machines become indistinguishable, and we might be closer than we think. OpenAI's Dall-E-2 can create images from text prompts, like astronauts riding horses in space. And their ChatGPT language model generates human-like text, blurring the lines between sci-fi and reality. By 2023, AI might even pass the Turing test, which for decades has measured a machine's human intelligence.

While generative AI has the power to solve major global challenges, it also presents dangers, Ian Bremmer explains on GZERO World.

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