Relations between Russia and China are complicated. While Beijing and Moscow have become chummy in recent decades, the relationship reached a low point during the Cold War after Mao Zedong severed ties with the Soviet Union. The intervening years have seen increased interaction between the two economies. Trade turnover reached a record $147 billion in 2021. Still, Russia is far more reliant on revenue from exports to China, the world’s second-largest economy, than Beijing is on Moscow. We look at China-Russia trade relations since 2000.